Health Spectrum

marine-Cultural-health-spectrum

The health ratings displayed on this page is an example only, the heath ratings will be updated when monitoring is completed at the end of 2021.

Taonga

Overall Health 10%

Many native species hold significant meaning and relationships with mana whenua of Ahuriri. There are several key indicator species such as Tohorā and Kororā.

Below are the results of each of the Tohu Whāiti associated with this Tohu Matua. These Tohu Whāiti collectively inform the overall health of this Tohu Matua.

For each Tohu Whāiti we score qualitative and quantitative indicators called Pātai Inenga, we use these score to determine the health of each Tohu Whāiti. The ratings below are on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 being very weak and 10 being very strong.

Kororā - Little Blue Penguin

Kororā are an indicators of the health of Tangaroa.

QUALITATIVE

Do whānau hold knowledge of Kororā?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of Kororā.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge.
1-3 Minimal knowledge of Kororā.
4-6 Moderate knowledge of Kororā (e.g knowledge of lifecycle).
7-9 Good knowledge of the Kororā.
10 Excellent knowledge.

The knowledge from whānau of Kororā provides for an indicator of importance and strength of connection of localised taonga species.

QUANTITATIVE

Is the population of Kororā increasing?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys undertaken through the 6 Wharf project. The Kororā dog indicates the number of nesting sites in the Port along Hardinge Rd and in the Inner harbour.

Method for Scoring
0 Not seen or heard at all.
1-3 Decrease in kororā by >50%.
4-6 Decrease in Kororā between 50 and 45%.
7-9 Population stable (increase or decrease by upto 10%).
10 Population increase by 10%.

Monitoring the population of kororā provides an indicator of the state of habitat and kai available to sustain the population of kororā.

QUANTITATIVE

How is the health of the Kororā?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys undertaken through the 6 Wharf project. Utilise Kororā health index.

Method for Scoring
1-3 Decrease in kororā health by 50+%.
4-6 Decrease in kororā health 50-40%.
7-9 Kororā health same (increase or decrease by upto 10%).
10 Population increase by 10%.

Monitoring the health of kororā provides an indicator for the growth and sustenance for the kororā in the Ahuriri and wider marine area.

QUANTITATIVE

Is the habitat area for Kororā increasing or decreasing?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Survey inner harbour area, draw polygons using mapping system to determine area.

Method for Scoring
0 Decrease in kororā habitat by > 20%.
1-3 Decrease in kororā habitat by 10-20%.
4-6 Decrease in kororā habitat 2-10%.
7-9 Kororā habitat the same (increase or decrease by 1%).
10 Habitat increase by 5%.

Monitoring the habitat available for kororā provides knowledge of the extent of available habitat.

Kekeno - Fur Seal

Kekeno are common to the Ahuriri area and have traditionally occupied the area.

QUALITATIVE

Do whānau hold knowledge of Kekeno?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of kekeno.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge.
1-3 little to knowledge of kekeno.
4-6 minimal to average knowledge of kekeno (e.g know where they reside).
7-9 Good knowledge of kekeno.
10 Excellent knowledge.

The knowledge from whānau of kekeno provides for an indicator of importance and strength of connection of localised taonga species.

QUALITATIVE

How often do whānau interact or get to see Kekeno?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on interaction or how often they see Kekeno.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge.
1-3 Minimal knowledge of Kekeno.
4-6 Moderate knowledge of Kekeno (e.g knowledge of lifecycle).
7-9 Good knowledge of the Kekeno.
10 Excellent knowledge.

Sighting or interactions with Kekeno provide an indication of the importance and strength of connection to localised taonga species.

QUALITATIVE

Do you or whānau practice or hold knowledge on traditional practices on Kekeno: Bonning, creating instruments, use as taonga?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of Kekeno.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge.
1-3 Some knowledge on the types of uses.
4-6 Moderate knowledge on the process and instruments made.
7-9 Good knowledge of processes and instruments made and for what purpose.
10 Excellent knowledge of the tikanga that surrounds Kekeno processing and instrument/tool making.

QUANTITATIVE

Is the population of Kekeno increasing or decreasing?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys undertaken through the 6 Wharf project.

Method for Scoring
0 Decrease in Kekeno by >75%.
1-3 Decrease in Kekeno by >50%.
4-6 Decrease in Kekeno between 50 and 45%.
7-9 Population stable (increase or decrease by upto 10%).
10 Population increase by 10%.

Monitoring the population of kekeno provides an indicator of the state of habitat and kai available to sustain the population.

QUANTITATIVE

Is the habitat area for Kekeno increasing or decreasing?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Survey undertaken through the 6Wharf project.

Method for Scoring
0 Decrease in kekeno habitat by > 20%.
1-3 Decrease in kekeno habitat by 10-20%.
4-6 Decrease in kekeno habitat 2-10%.
7-9 kekeno habitat the same (increase or decrease by 1%).
10 Habitat increase by 5%.

Monitoring the habitat available for kekeno provides an indicator of available space to home kekeno.

Aihe - Common Dolphin

Aihe are considered intelligent tamariki of Taonga.

QUALITATIVE

Do whānau hold knowledge of Aihe? (e.g Habitat preference, life cycle, breeding, indicator, Pūrākau, historical, different species)

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of aihe.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge.
1-3 Minimal knowledge of Aihe.
4-6 Moderate knowledge of Aihe (e.g knowledge of lifecycle).
7-9 Good knowledge of the Aihe.
10 Excellent knowledge.

The knowledge from whānau of Aihe provides for an indicator of importance and strength of connection to localised taonga species.

QUALITATIVE

How often do whānau interact or get to see Aihe?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on interaction or how often they see Aihe.

Method for Scoring
0 Not seen or heard at all.
1-3 Seen one or some many years ago.
4-6 Seen on a number of occasions over my lifetime.
7-9 Seen many of times.
10 Regularly seen, including this year.

Sighting or interactions with aihe provide an indication of the importance and strength of connection to localised taonga species.

QUANTITATIVE

What is the diversity of species in the Ahuriri marine area?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys undertaken using eDNA sampling.

Method for Scoring
To be determined by Kaimatai post data set analysis.

Monitoring the population of Aihe provides an indicator of the state of habitat and kai available to sustain the population of Aihe.

QUANTITATIVE

What is the frequency of sightings within the Ahuriri marine area?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Observations through 6 Wharf marine mammal record sheets. Facebook whale watch page monitored.

Method for Scoring
0 Decrease in Aihe by > 75%.
1-3 Decrease in Aihe by >50%.
4-6 Decrease in Aihe between 50 and 45%.
7-9 Sightings stable (increase or decrease by up to 10%).
10 Population increase by 10%.

Monitoring the frequency of Aihe sightings provides an indicator of the of habitat and kai available to sustain the population.

Tohorā - Whales

Tohorā hold a close connection in whakapapa to mana whenua and is a taonga species.

QUALITATIVE

What is your knowledge of Tohorā? (e.g Habitat preference, life cycle, breeding, indicator, different species)

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of Tohorā.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge.
1-3 Minimal knowledge of Tohorā.
4-6 Moderate knowledge of Tohorā (e.g knowledge of lifecycle).
7-9 Good knowledge of the Tohorā.
10 Excellent knowledge.

The knowledge from whānau of Tohorā provides for an indicator of importance and strength of connection of localised taonga species.

QUALITATIVE

How often do whānau interact or get to see Tohorā?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on interaction or how often they see Tohorā.

Method for Scoring
0 No interaction.
1-3 Minimal observations between 1-3.
4-6 Moderate number of observations.
7-9 Many observations and or interactions.
10 High frequency of observations and interactions.

Sighting or interactions with Tohorā provide an indication of the importance and strength of connection to localised taonga species.

QUALITATIVE

Do you or whānau practice or hold knowledge on traditional practices on Tohorā: Bonning, creating instruments, use as taonga.

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of Tohorā.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge.
1-3 Some knowledge on the types of uses.
4-6 Moderate knowledge on the process and instruments made.
7-9 Good knowledge of processes and instruments made and for what purpose.
10 Excellent knowledge of the tikanga that surrounds Tohorā processing and instrument/tool making.

Knowledge held by whānau in regards to the traditional practices is an important indicator in understanding the strength and continued matauranga of Tohorā.

QUANTITATIVE

What is the diversity of species in the Ahuriri marine area?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys undertaken using eDNA sampling.

Method for Scoring
To be determined by Kaimatai post data set analysis.

Monitoring the population of Tohorā provides an indicator of the habitat and kai available to sustain the population of Tohorā.

QUANTITATIVE

What is the frequency of sightings within the Ahuriri marine area?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Observations through 6 Wharf marine mammal record sheets. Facebook whale watch page monitored.

Method for Scoring
0 Decrease in Tohorā by > 75%.
1-3 Decrease in Tohorā by >50%.
4-6 Decrease in Tohorā between 50 and 45%.
7-9 Sightings stable (increase or decrease by up to 10%).
10 Population increase by 10%.

Monitoring the population of Tohorā provides an indicator of the habitat and kai available to sustain the population of Tohorā.

Ika - Fish, Pātiki

Fish are a taonga species due to their importance in sustenance for mana whenua.

QUALITATIVE

Do whānau hold knowledge of Ika in the Ahuriri marine area? (e.g Habitat preference, life cycle, breeding).

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of Ika.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge.
1-3 Minimal knowledge of Ika.
4-6 Moderate knowledge of Ika (e.g knowledge of lifecycle).
7-9 Good knowledge of the Ika.
10 Excellent knowledge.

The knowledge from whānau of ika is important and provides for an indicator of connection to the moana and mahinga kai taonga species.

QUALITATIVE

What knowledge is held on the diversity of Ika species within the Ahuriri marine area?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of ika species.

Method for Scoring 
0 No knowledge.
1-3 knowledge of Ika.
4-6 minimal to average knowledge of Ika (e.g know where they reside).
7-9 Good knowledge of the Ika.
10 Excellent knowledge.

The knowledge from whānau of ika is important and provides for an indicator of connection to the moana and mahinga kai taonga species.

QUANTITATIVE

Is the population of Ika increasing?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys undertaken through the 6 Wharf project.

Method for Scoring
Kaimatai to determine scoring through 6 wharf fish monitoring/reporting.

Monitoring the population of Ika provides an indicator of the state of habitat and kai available to sustain the population of Ika.

QUANTITATIVE

What is the strength of the breeding population?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Analysis of the length data from the 6 wharf fish surveys. Statistics to include: min, max, median, stand dev. Relationship to age class, population maturity.

Method for Scoring
Kaimātai to determine scoring through 6 wharf fish monitoring/reporting.

Monitoring the population of Ika provides an indicator of the state of habitat and kai available to sustain the population of Ika.

QUANTITATIVE

What is the invertebrate diversity and abundance in the disposal area?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
The benthic tows will be analysed for abundance of invertebrates (fish kai).

Method for Scoring
Kaimātai to determine the scoring from the analysis of the benthic dataset.

It is important to monitor the habitat of Ika as an indicator for ecosystem health.

QUANTITATIVE

Pātiki (Black Flounder)

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys undertaken through the 6 Wharf project. Pātiki have there own monitoring data sheet.

Method for Scoring
Kaimātai to determine scoring through 6 wharf fish monitoring/reporting.

Te Ponaturi

Ponaturi are the hapū of Tangaroa and connected through whakapapa.

QUALITATIVE

Do whānau hold knowledge of Te Ponaturi?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau on knowledge of Te Punaturi.

Method for Scoring
1-3 little to knowledge of Te Ponaturi.
4-6 minimal to average knowledge of Te Ponaturi (e.g know where they reside).
7-9 Good knowledge of the Te Ponaturi.
10 Excellent knowledge.

The knowledge from whānau of Te Ponaturi provides for an indicator of importance and strength of connection to Tangaroa.

QUALITATIVE

Have you seen or experienced any Te Ponaturi?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Surveys with mana whenua whānau.

Method for Scoring
0 No knowledge or interaction with Te Ponaturi.
1-3 Heard that people have seen Te Ponaturi.
4-6 Know whānau who have seen and or experienced Te Ponaturi (e.g know where they reside).
7-9 Have experienced and seen Te Ponaturi.
10 Often see and experience Te Ponaturi.

The knowledge from whānau of Te Ponaturi provides for an indicator of importance and strength of connection to Tangaroa.

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