Health Spectrum

marine-Cultural-health-spectrum

The health ratings displayed on this page is an example only, the heath ratings will be updated when monitoring is completed at the end of 2021.

Ohanga

Overall Health 90%

Economic wellbeing of mana whenua is an important indicator of overall wellbeing.

Below are the results of each of the Tohu Whāiti associated with this Tohu Matua. These Tohu Whāiti collectively inform the overall health of this Tohu Matua.

For each Tohu Whāiti we score qualitative and quantitative indicators called Pātai Inenga, we use these score to determine the health of each Tohu Whāiti. The ratings below are on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 being very weak and 10 being very strong.

Commercial Take Impact on Whānau Take

Commercial fishing in Aotearoa has significantly impacted on all mana whenua ability to collect mahinga kai.

QUALITATIVE

Has commercial fishing in HB reduced your whānau and hapū ability to catch ika?

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Using the survey tool with whānau.

Method for Scoring
0 = severely declined fishing/collapse of species.
1-3 severely impacted not able to catch enough.
4-6 moderately impacted.
7-9 low impact on fishing ability to catch plenty, when required.
10 Excellent fishery with all species readily available.

Gathering kaimoana is an important traditional practice which maintains our connection to Tangaroa and sustains the people.

QUALITATIVE

Can you tell us about key mahinga kai species and there historical abundance within the MCHP area?

Health

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Method for Testing
Using the survey tool with whānau.

Method for Scoring
0 = severely declined fishing/collapse of species.
1-3 severely impacted not able to catch enough.
4-6 moderately impacted.
7-9 low impact on fishing ability to catch plenty, when required.
10 Excellent fishery with all species readily available.

To acquire the baseline for historical abundance of key species from whānau who were either involved in fishing or were handed down the kōrero.

QUALITATIVE

How has your diving observations of kai abundance and habitat changed over the years?

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Using survey tool with whānau. Interview key tangata whenua who are divers & kai gatherers.

Method for Scoring
0 = severely declined fishing/collapse of species.
1-3 severely impacted not able to catch enough.
4-6 moderately impacted.
7-9 low impact on fishing ability to catch plenty, when required.
10 Excellent fishery with all species readily available.

Gathering kaimoana is an important traditional practice which maintains our connection to Tangaroa and sustains the people. We need to acquire the baseline historical abundances of key species at various sites from whānau through observations & historic oral recollection.

QUALITATIVE

Mahinga kai

Health

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Method for Testing
Use the percent score from Mana Moana mahinga kai tohu.

Method for Scoring
0, 0-10% of the overall score of MM mahinga kai wāhanga matua.
1-3, 10-30% of the overall score of MM mahinga kai wāhanga matua.
4-6, 40-60% of the overall score of MM mahinga kai wāhanga matua.
7-9, 70-90% of the overall score of MM mahinga kai wāhanga matua.
10, 100% of the overall score of MM mahinga kai wāhanga matua.

Gathering kaimoana is an important traditional practice which maintains our connection to Tangaroa and sustains the people. We need to acquire the baseline historical abundances of key species at various sites from whānau through observations & historic oral recollection.

QUANTITATIVE

Quantify how commercial fishing has impacted on the Hawke Bay ika fishery. Determine what happened to the Tāmure (Snapper) fishery.

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Utilise current data sets to determine the stocks and fish effort in HB. Analyse the snapper fishery collapse. Request MPI data extract for commercial SNA landings last 40 years for southern central HB. 1nm boxes. Trend analysis of CPUE for individual boxes. Scoring based on % annual change.

Method for Scoring
Fishing effort score in the commercial sector.
0 = significant effort annual increase.
1-3 effort increasing over time.
4-6 effort goes up and down depending on season.
7-9 effort reducing fish stocks increasing.
10 significant effort reduction fishing population significant increase.

It is important to understand what impact commercial fishing has had on key mahinga kai species and how this activity is impacting on whānau today.

QUANTITATIVE

To what extent can we quantify overall fishery decline in Hawke’s Bay through the analysis of available fishing data?

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Utilise current data set to determine the stocks and fish effort in HB.

Method for Scoring
Fishing effort score in the commercial sector.
0 = significant effort annual increase.
1-3 effort increasing over time.
4-6 effort goes up and down depending on season.
7-9 effort reducing fish stocks increasing.
10 significant effort reduction fishing population significant increase.

It is important to understand what impact commercial fishing has had on key mahinga kai species and how this activity is impacting on whānau today. Kahawai are the most abundant & prevalent species within the MCHP marine area and now they have become incredibly difficult to catch off the beach.

QUANTITATIVE

To what extent has 6 Wharf dredging had on fishing?

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Utilise current data set from the 6 Wharf fish monitoring.

Method for Scoring
Kaimatāi Rōpū to determine scoring method.

It is important to understand what impact 6 Wharf has had on key mahinga kai species and how this activity is impacting on whānau today.

QUANTITATIVE

Mana Moana Mahinga Kai Tohu

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Use the score from Mana Moana, Mahinga Kai – Wāhanga Matua.

Method for Scoring
0, 0-10% of the overall score of MM Mahinga Kai Wāhanga Matua.
1-3, 10-30% of the overall score of MM Mahinga Kai Wāhanga Matua.
4-6, 40-60% of the overall score of MM Mahinga Kai Wāhanga Matua.
7-9, 70-90% of the overall score of MM Mahinga Kai Wāhanga Matua.
10, 100% of the overall score of MM Mahinga Kai Wāhanga Matua.

It is important to understand what impact commercial fishing has had on key mahinga kai species and how this activity is impacting on whānau today.

Employment of whānau in the commercial sector (Fisheries and the Napier Port)

It is important to quantify the degree of richness of Te ao Māori integration into one of the largest employers of mana whenua in Ahuriri.

QUALITATIVE

What is the state of Māori well-being within the fishing industry. How is the well-being of the whānau involved in the fishing industry, provided for, in a Te Ao Māori manner?

Health

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Method for Testing
Using survey tool with whānau & fishing companies.

Method for Scoring
0 = severely impacted mental health/well being (e.g. addiction).
1-3 mildly impacted (addiction, gang related).
4-6 mildly impacted mental health or not impacted.
7-9 excellent well being, good opportunity for whānau.
10 = excellent/hugely positive well being, and career opportunities.

Are the values/principles of Whanaungatanga and Manaakitanga incorporated into daily mahi. Does the industry recognise and value of Māori culture in the workforce. How well are these values represented in company policies.

QUALITATIVE

Does the mahi allign with Te Ao Māori values and provide for truly Māori workforce in a positive industry, Napier Port?

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Using survey tool with Port employees.

Method for Scoring
To be determined post 1st year survey, Kaimātai moana rōpū to configure scoring methodology.

Key Question/Theme
What attracts you to the fishing industry, how does your involvement within the industry make you feel as a Māori?

The principle of this wāhanga matua is qualify/quantify the degree of richness of te ao Māori integration into one of the largest employers of mana whenua and to understand the well being of the workforce.

QUALITATIVE

Does the mahi align with Te Ao Māori values and provide for truly Māori workforce in a positive industry, fisheries?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Using survey tool with fishing industry employees.

Method for Scoring
To be determined post 1st year survey, Kaimātai moana rōpū to configure scoring methodology.

Key Question/Theme
What attracts you to the fishing industry, how does your involvement within the industry make you feel as a Māori?

The principle of this wāhanga matua is qualify/quantify the degree of richness of te ao Māori integration into one of the largest employers of mana whenua and to understand the well being of the workforce.

QUANTITATIVE

What is the total number of fisheries companies operating in Ahuriri and how many Māori employees do they have?

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Using survey tool with fishing companies.

Method for Scoring
Kaimātai moana rōpū to determine post 1st year survey results.

The Pātai seeks to identify and quantify the amount of Māori employed within the industry.

QUANTITATIVE

What is the total number of Māori employees at the Napier Port?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Using survey tool with fishing companies.

Method for Scoring
Kaimātai moana rōpū to determine post 1st year survey results.

The Pātai seeks to identify and quantify the amount of Māori employed within the Port.

QUANTITATIVE

If commercial fisherman were paid a fair and reasonable price for the fish would the fishery be in the significantly declined state its in today?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Using survey tool with fishing companies and fishermen.

Method for Scoring
Kaimātai moana rōpū to determine post 1st year survey results.

There is an undoubtedly skewed economics within the commercial fishing sector, where the fisherman gets $2.50 Kg for Snapper and retailer sells it for $45 kg to the consumer.

How do Commercial Companies include Cultural Practice and Sustainability?

This wāhanga whāiti seeks to identify and quantify the degree of Te ao Māori integration into one of the largest employers of tangata whenua and to understand what sustainability practices have been adopted.

QUANTITATIVE

What sustainability practices have been adopted, and have they been derived from Te ao Māori principles/concepts?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Using survey tool with fishing companies and Napier Port.

Method for Scoring
Kaimātai moana rōpū to determine post 1st year survey results.

This wāhanga whāiti seeks to identify and quantify the degree of Te ao Māori integration into one of the largest employers of tangata whenua and to understand the well being of the workforce.

QUANTITATIVE

Are Te ao Māori tikanga values and concepts integrated into company policies and procedures? If yes how so?

Health

Trend

graph

Method for Testing
Using survey tool with fishing companies.

Method for Scoring
Kaimātai moana rōpū to determine post 1st year survey results.

This mea seeks to identify and quantify the degree of Te ao Māori integration into one of the largest employers of tangata whenua and to understand the well being of the workforce.

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