Health Spectrum

marine-Cultural-health-spectrum

The health ratings displayed on this page is an example only, the heath ratings will be updated when monitoring is completed at the end of 2021.

Tīkanga and Matauranga

Overall Health 80%

Traditional Māori knowledge, practices, protocols and customs are important in maintaining a close connection with Tangaroa and the wellbeing of mana whenua.

Below are the results of each of the Tohu Whāiti associated with this Tohu Matua. These Tohu Whāiti collectively inform the overall health of this Tohu Matua.

For each Tohu Whāiti we score qualitative and quantitative indicators called Pātai Inenga, we use these score to determine the health of each Tohu Whāiti. The ratings below are on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 being very weak and 10 being very strong.

Knowledge of Tikanga and Kawa

Understanding who holds knowledge of Tikanga and Kawa is an indicator of whether traditions have been lost.

QUALITATIVE

Do you return your first fish and why?

Health

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Method for Testing
Survey whānau using the survey app.

Method for Scoring
0, No idea.
1-3, 10-30% of overall % MM Taonga species.
4-6, 40-60% of overall % MM Taonga species.
7-9, Yes.
10, Yes, has full and in-depth kōrero.

Returning the first fish is a kawa based on tikanga and is an indicator of traditional knowledge.

QUALITATIVE

Do you hold knowledge and recite oriori, waiata, mōteatea with refrences to Tangaroa?

Health

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Method for Testing
Use percent score from Mana Moana, whakapapa (wāhanga matua), Waiata (wāhanga whāiti).

Method for Scoring
0 1-3, 10-30% of over all % of MM whakapapa (wāhanga matua), Waiata (wāhanga whāiti).
4-6, 40-60% of over all % MM whakapapa (wāhanga matua), Waiata (wāhanga whāiti).
7-9, 70-90% of over all % MM whakapapa wāhanga matua), Waiata (wāhanga whāiti).
100% of over all % MM whakapapa (wāhanga matua), Waiata (wāhanga whāiti).

If the Mana Moana Taonga species are in decline, this will impact on the whakapapa of Tangaroa.

QUALITATIVE

What level of knowledge do you hold regarding tikanga and kawa, when on the moana?

Health

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Method for Testing
Survey whānau using app.

Method for Scoring
0, None.
1-3 Barely, not familiar with a lot of tikanga or kawa.
4-6 Hold some understanding.
7-9 Hold a good understanding.
10 Very knowledgeable.

Understanding the who holds knowledge of tikanga and kawa is an indicator of whether traditions have been lost.

QUANTITATIVE

Karakia

Health

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Method for Testing
Use the score from Mana Tangata, Wairua, Karakia – Tohu Whāiti.

Method for Scoring
0 1-3, 10-30% of overall % of MM, Wairua, Karakia – Tohu Whāiti Karakia (Wāhanga Whāiti).
4-6, 40-60% of overall % MM, Wairua, Karakia – Tohu Whāiti.
7-9, 70-90% of overall % MM, Wairua, Karakia – Tohu Whāiti.
100% of overall % MM, Wairua, Karakia – Tohu Whāiti.

Karakia is an important tikanga and kawa, and is a leading indicator.

Practice of Tikanga and Kawa

Actively practising tikanga and Kawa is important to maintaining traditional practices.

QUALITATIVE

Do you or the whānau practice tikanaga or kawa when on the moana? E.g Ask permission to gather kai in specific places?

Health

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Method for Testing
Survey whānau using app.

Method for Scoring
0, No
1-3 Barely, not familiar with a lot of tikanga or kawa.
4-6 Somewhat, practice often.
7-9 Most of the time.
0 All of the time.

Actively practising tikanga and kawa is important to maintaining traditional practices.

QUALITATIVE

Are there key members of your whānau or hapū who you can and/or have learnt kawa and tikanga from in relation to the moana?

Health

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Method for Testing
Survey whānau using app.

Method for Scoring
0, Don’t know anyone.
1-3 I can go to someone who might know who to go to.
4-6 Yes, I know someone who is knowledgeable in tikanga and kawa.
7-9 Yes, I know several people.
10 Yes, I know many including Dad and Koro.

It is important that someone within the whānau is able to pass on traditional knowledge.

Traditional Mahinga Kai Practice

Mātauranga of mahinga kai is important knowledge for mana whenua to hold.

QUALITATIVE

Do you hold knowledge of mahinga kai in the Ahuriri marine area?

Health

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Method for Testing
Survey whānau using app.

Method for Scoring 
0, No.
1-3 Yes, I know 1 or 2 places to go but not sure what exactly is there.
4-6 Yes, I know a few places, have some idea what’s there.
7-9 Yes, I know lots of places and aware of the species that are there.
10 Yes, I know a lot of places (10+) and well aware of what is there.

Knowledge of harvesting areas and types of kai in that area is an indicator of matauranga.

QUALITATIVE

Do you hold knowledge of the maramataka including the different indicators of the land, whetū and sea?

Health

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Method for Testing
Survey whānau using app.

Method for Scoring
0, Hold no knowledge of the maramataka.
1-3, Hold little knowledge of the maramataka.
4-6 Hold some knowledge of the maramataka.
7-9 Hold sound Knowledge of the maramataka.
10+ Hold very good knowledge of the maramataka.

The maramataka is a key component of traditional mahinga kai practice.

QUALITATIVE

Are you (or your whānau that harvest kaimoana) knowledgeable of the maramataka in relation to kaimoana habits?

Health

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Method for Testing
Survey whānau using app.

Method for Scoring
0, Has no knowledge of the kaimoana habits in relation to the maramataka.
1-3 Has little knowledge of the kaimoana habits in relation to the maramataka.
4-6 Has some knowledge of the kaimoana habits in relation to the maramataka.
7-9 Has sound Knowledge of the kaimoana habits in relation to the maramataka.
10 Has very good knowledge of the kaimoana habits in relation to the maramataka.

Understanding the movements of kaimoana in relation to the maramataka is a traditional practice in relation to mahinga kai.

Pūrakau

Pānia, Ruamano, Tangitū, Punaturi – Is an important way of passing down knowledge.

QUANTITATIVE

How many different pūrākau are you aware of, specifically those that are connected to the moana?

Health

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Method for Testing
Use the score from Mana Moana, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau -Tohu Whāiti.

Method for Scoring
 0, 0%.
1-3, 10-30% of overall % MM, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau -Tohu Whāiti.
4-6, 40-60% of overall % MM, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau -Tohu Whāiti.
7-9, 70-90% of overall % MM, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau -Tohu Whāiti.
100% of overall % MM, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau -Tohu Whāiti.

Pūrakau hold a lot of kawa and tikanga.

Whakapapa to Tangaroa and Pānia

The hapū of Ahuriri is closely connected through whakapapa to Tangaroa and Pānia.

QUANTITATIVE

Whakapapa

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Use the score from Mana Moana, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau – Tohu Whāiti.

Method for Scoring
 0, 0%.
1-3, 10-30% of over all % MM, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau – Tohu Whāiti.
4-6, 40-60% of over all % MM, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau – Tohu Whāiti.
7-9, 70-90% of over all % MM, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau – Tohu Whāiti.
10, 100% of over all % MM, Whakapapa, Pūrākau, Pūrākau – Tohu Whāiti.

The importance of knowing your links to Pānia and often results in a stronger sense of manaakitanga and kaitiakitanga for whānau.

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