Health Spectrum

marine-Cultural-health-spectrum

The health ratings displayed on this page is an example only, the heath ratings will be updated when monitoring is completed at the end of 2021.

Kaitiakitanga

Overall Health 80%

Active engagement in monitoring, protection and restoration of the environment are important measures in undertaking a kaitiaki, or guardian, role.

Below are the results of each of the Tohu Whāiti associated with this Tohu Matua. These Tohu Whāiti collectively inform the overall health of this Tohu Matua.

For each Tohu Whāiti we score qualitative and quantitative indicators called Pātai Inenga, we use these score to determine the health of each Tohu Whāiti. The ratings below are on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 being very weak and 10 being very strong.

Active Involvement in Kaitiakitanga

Actively participating in kaitiaki mahi is important to fulfilling our role as Kaitiaki.

QUALITATIVE

Do you (or your whānau that collect kai moana) leave the undersize and really big kai moana, and why?

Health

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Method for Testing
Surveys to be undertaken with whānau. Ask the pātai to whānau using the survey app. Use the methodology for scoring based on their answers

Method for Scoring 
0 , No
1-3 Yes, but not sure as to why.
4-6 Yes, have some idea as to why.
7-9 Yes, have a good understanding and practices leaving kai.
10 Yes, has in depth knowledge and understanding, and practice leaving kai.

Understanding why we take some types/sizes of kai and why we leave others is an indicator of good kaitiaki practice.

QUALITATIVE

Have you (or your whānau) exercised the placing of a Rāhui when required?

Health

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Method for Testing
Check with marae/Hapū if any rāhui was placed.

Method for Scoring
0, 1-3 No or inadeguate rāhui placed when required.
4-6 Rāhui placed in some circumstances, not all.
7-9 Rāhui placed in most circumstances and adhered to.
10 Rāhui placed in all appropriate incidents (Well communicated), (Rāhui adhered to).

Rāhui is an important traditional management tool that we as kaitiaki utilise. Exercising this management tool is an indicator of kaitiakitanga.

QUALITATIVE

Has the Mataitai over Pānia Reef been compiled with?

Health

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Method for Testing
Ask MPI if any breaches of Moremore mātaitai have occurred.

Method for Scoring
0, 1-3 Serious breaches of existing mātaitai.
4-6 Minor breaches of existing mātaitai.
7-9 Not aware of any breaches of existing mātaitai.
10 No breaches of mātaitai. Current mātaitai known. I have advocated to create new mātaitai or improve current mātaitai regulations.

Mātaitai is an important management tool for sustainability of kaimoana. Mātaitai is an important indicator of kaitiakitanga.

QUALITATIVE

If you gather or are given kaimoana, is it enough to feed the whānau?

Health

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Method for Testing
Surveys to be undertaken with whānau. Ask the pātai to whānau using the survey app. Use the methodology for scoring based on their answers.

Method for Scoring
0, No
1-3 No/not really, most times I or whānau go out for a dive, or fish, there is none or only enough for one person.
4-6 Sometimes I or when whānau go out fishing, there is enough for me and my immediate whānau.
7-9 Majority of the time when I or whānau go out diving, there is enough for me and the wider whānau.
10 All of the time when I or whānau go out diving, there is enough for me and the wider whānau or for an occasion on the marae.

Being able to gather enough kai for whānau or for hapū kaupapa is an indicator of whether our role as kaitiaki have been successful or not.

QUALITATIVE

How engaged are you and/or whānau in kaitiaki kaupapa?

Health

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Method for Testing
Surveys to be undertaken with whānau. Ask the pātai to whānau using the survey app. Yes or no answer, if yes provide more detail. Use methodology for scoring based on answer.

Method for Scoring
0 No
1-3 Haven’t attended hui but have kept up to date with kaitiaki kaupapa through com
4-6 Yes attended at least 1 hui, but aware of kaitiaki kaupapa.
7-9 Yes have attended 2-5 hui.
10 Yes have attended 5+ kaitiaki kaupapa this year, e.g are actively involved in submissions for policy change, beach clean ups etc.

It’s important that a wide range of whānau are involved in kaitiaki kaupapa and is an indicator of kaitiakitanga.

QUANTITATIVE

Ika

Health

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Method for Testing
Use the score from Mana Moana, Mahinga Kai, Ika-Wāhanga Whāiti.

Method for Scoring
0, 0-10% of over all score of MM Ika Wāhanga Whāiti.
1-3, 10-30% of over all score of MM Ika Wāhanga Whāiti.
4-6, 40-60% of over all score of MM Ika Wāhanga Whāiti.
7-9, 70-90% of over all score of MM Ika Wāhanga whāiti.
10, 100% of over all score of MM Ika Wāhanga Whāiti.

Ika are an indicator of successful or not successful kaitiakitanga.

QUANTITATIVE

Kōura

Health

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Method for Testing
Use the score from Mana Moana, Mahinga Kai, Kōura Wāhanga Whāiti.

Method for Scoring
0, 0-10% of over all score of MM Kōura Wāhanga Whāiti.
1-3, 10-30% of over all score of MM Kōura Wāhanga Whāiti.
4-6, 40-60% of over all score of MM Kōura Wāhanga Whāiti.
7-9, 70-90% of over all score of MM Kōura Wāhanga Whāiti.
10, 100% of over all score of MM Kōura Wāhanga Whāiti.

Kōura are an indicator of successful or not successful kaitiakitanga.

QUANTITATIVE

Mana Moana Pou

Health

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Method for Testing
Use the score from Mana Moana, Pou.

Method for Scoring
0, 0-10% of over all score of MM Whāhanga Matua.
1-3, 10-30% of over all score of MM Wāhanga Matua.
4-6, 40-60% of over all score of MM Wāhanga Matua.
7-9, 70-90% of over all score of MM Wāhanga Matua.
10, 100% of over all score of MM Wāhanga Matua.

The health of Mana Moana is an indicator of successful or not successful kaitiakitanga.

Permits

Tangata kaitiaki are gazetted to issue permits for harvesting kaimoana. Customary permits are recognised fishing rights of mana whenua.

QUALITATIVE

Do you know who in the whānau issues permits?

Health

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Method for Testing
Surveys to be undertaken with whānau. Ask the pātai to whānau using the survey app. Yes or no answer, if yes provide more detail. Use methodology for scoring based on your answer.

Method for Scoring
0 No.
1-3 No, but have heard of whānau obtaining a permit.
4-6 yes but haven’t obtained a permit before.
7-9 Yes, have obtained permits.
10 Yes I and many whānau have obtained permits often.

Permits are issued by tangata kaitiaki. A tool and method used as apart of Kaitiakitanga and harvesting kai.

QUALITATIVE

Do you know what’s involved in issuing a permit?

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Surveys to be undertaken with whānau. Ask the pātai to whānau using the survey app. Yes or no answer, if yes provide more detail. Use methodology for scoring based on your answer.

Method for Scoring 
0 No.
1-3 No, but have heard from whānau whats involved.
4-6 yes, have some idea of whats involved.
7-9 Yes, have a good idea of whats involved.
10 Yes well aware of what involved.

Permits are issued by tangata kaitiaki. A tool and method used as apart of Kaitiakitanga and harvesting kai.

QUALITATIVE

Are you aware of customary permits?

Health

Trend

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Method for Testing
Surveys to be undertaken with whānau. Ask the pātai to whānau using the survey app. Yes or no answer, if yes provide more detail. Use methodology for scoring based on your answer.

Method for Scoring
0 No.
1-3 No, but have heard from whānau whats involved.
4-6 yes, have some idea of whats involved.
7-9 Yes, have a good idea of whats involved.
10 Yes well aware of what involved.

Permits are issued by tangata kaitiaki. A tool and method used as apart of Kaitiakitanga and harvesting kai.

QUANTITATIVE

How many permits were issued for tangi, birthdays and weddings?

Health

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Method for Testing
Data to be collected from MPI/Ministry of fisheries.

Method for Scoring
To be determiend by kaimātai moana.

Obtaining a permit to gather enough kaimoana for whānau occasions is important. Understanding the number of permits issued over time is an indicator of whether our roles as kaitiaki are successful or not.

Taonga

The health of taonga species is a key indicator in determining whether kaitiakitanga is a success.

QUANTITATIVE

Taonga

Health

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Method for Testing
Use the score from the Mana Moana, Taonga- Wāhanga Matua.

Method for Scoring
 0, 0%
1-3, 10-30% of over all % of MMTaonga.
4-6, 40-60% of over all % of MM Taonga.
7-9, 70-90% of over all % of MM Taonga.
100% of over all % MM of Taonga.

The health of taonga species is an important indicator to the success of kaitiakitanga.

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